Understanding Traumatic Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) happens when a sudden, external, physical assault damages the brain.TBI is a broad term that describes a vast array of injuries that happen to the brain. Unfortunately, TBI is one of the most common causes of disability and death in adults, and often occurs in a car accident, truck wreck, construction accident, or work place accident.  If you or someone you love has suffered a brain injury, understanding what causes these complex injuries and what treatment options are available is critical.

At Armstrong Law, our Texas brain injury lawyers are dedicated advocates for victims and their families. We fight to obtain the financial compensation needed to pay for intensive treatment and long-term care.


Common Causes of Traumatic Brain Injuries

– Traumatic blows – Being struck in the head, having your head slam into objects during a car accident, truck wreck, construction accident, work place accident, or other impacts can bruising, bleeding, or tearing of brain tissue.

– Lack of oxygen – Anoxia, cardiac arrest, near drowning, or other oxygen deprivation kills brain cells rapidly.

– Toxins & infections – Carbon monoxide, lead, and other toxins along with some infections can damage or inflame brain tissue.

– Tumors – Cancerous and non-cancerous tumors put pressure on delicate brain tissue and blood vessels.

– Degenerative diseases – Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Huntington’s and other illnesses cause progressive brain cell death.


What are the Possible Results of a TBI?

Some traumatic brain injuries are mild, with symptoms disappearing over time with proper attention. However, others are more severe and may result in permanent disability. The long-term or permanent results of brain injury may need post-injury and possibly lifelong rehabilitation. Effects of brain injury may include:

Cognitive deficits – Coma, confusion, problem solving deficits, decreased awareness.

Motor deficits – Paralysis or weakness, poor balance, poor coordination, tremors.

Perceptual or sensory deficits – Difficulty speaking and understanding speech (aphasia), Difficulty choosing the right words to say (aphasia), Difficulty reading (alexia) or writing (agraphia), problems with reading, writing, and working with numbers.

Functional deficits – impaired ability with activities of daily living (ADLs), such as dressing, bathing, and eating, problems with organization, shopping, or paying bills, inability to drive a car or operate machinery.

Social difficulties – Impaired social capacity resulting in difficult interpersonal relationships, difficulties in making and keeping friends, difficulties understanding and responding to the nuances of social interaction.

– Regulatory disturbances – Fatigue, changes in sleep patterns and eating habits, dizziness, headache.

– Personality or psychiatric changes – Apathy, Decreased motivation, Emotional lability, Irritability.


Treatments for Different Traumatic Brain Injuries

Medications – Drugs to reduce brain swelling, inflammation, seizures, pain, and other problems are often prescribed.

– Surgery – Operations to remove blood clots, tumors, bone fragments, or skull flaps allow room for brain swelling.

Rehabilitation – Physical, speech, occupational, and cognitive therapies help re-train the brain and body.

– Medical equipment – Oxygen therapy, catheters, tubes for feeding/fluids, braces, and wheelchairs assist functioning.

– Home & lifestyle changes – Adapting the home environment and establishing new routines is essential.


Seek Legal Justice and Compensation

The experienced traumatic brain injury lawyers at Armstrong Law guide victims and families through the complex legal process following devastating neurological trauma. We work to hold negligent parties accountable and fight for maximum compensation for past and future medical bills, lost income, and pain and suffering damages. To discuss your legal options, contact us 24/7 for free consultation.

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